University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Health Plan’s Director of Market Intelligence, Jim Villella, sat down with CMB’s Amy Modini to discuss the role of insights and market research at UPMC and the health insurance industry at large.
AM: Tell us a bit about your role as Director of Market Intelligence at University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) Health Plan.
JV: I oversee all external and internal intelligence within the health insurance industry in our market. Our Insurance Services Division (ISD) includes a lot more than just health insurance. Within the ISD, there are health insurance products as well as a suite of workplace productivity solutions under the WorkPartners brand. WorkPartners offers worker’s compensation insurance, employee assistance programs, wellness programs, and some business productivity solutions, such as FMLA and short-term disability. Primary research is obviously one of the services that my team offers to all of UPMC ISD. This research is often an assessment of where we are compared to our competitors as well as opinions and attitudes of our current members. We also manage our marketing relational database, which is built at the consumer and employer level, so that we can do targeted marketing campaigns. Overall, it’s a pretty broad list of responsibilities.
AM: It certainly is! As we know, it’s been a disruptive few years for the healthcare industry. Looking ahead, what challenges and opportunities do you see coming?
JV: One of the biggest challenges for many health insurance companies who don’t have a large direct-to-consumer business sector is the end of the extension of the allowance for small groups under 50 to keep the plans they had prior to the implementation of the ACA. When the allowance goes away in 2017, those groups are going to have to move to community-rated insurance plans. Many of those groups will have to evaluate their situation when rates change in 2018, so that’s a challenge that insurers will face: transitioning what happens with those groups. The insurance companies will have to meet that challenge and ensure that they continue to insure those same people, whether it’s through a group or through the individual process.
There are a lot of constraints on insurance companies with the Affordable Care Act (ACA). There are limitations on profitability and also on mitigating risk, so it’s a little bit harder to make a profit. And, as you can see in some markets, some of the more profit-driven public entities have chosen to take themselves out of the individual market in many areas because they’re finding it hard to have a viable business model in the current environment. There’s a lot of uncertainty in the market about who’s going to be there to provide the insurance solutions that are part of the ACA.
AM: Do you think being part of an integrated system puts UPMC in a different position than other carriers that are just health insurance companies?
JV: Yes, I do. Because we’re an integrated delivery system, we have a lot more dialogue between the provider and the payer, which gives us more opportunities to intervene and identify solutions that will help people get better and stay healthy. Different payment models also emerge out of this position, which allows us to move away from a situation in which someone is paying providers for a service and move toward compensating them based on the effectiveness of the care. That’s much easier to do in an integrated system where we have direct relationships with a big portion of our provider-base.
AM: What role do you believe healthcare insights, in particular, could play with some of the challenges and changes in the industry you mentioned?
JV: At the end of the day, much of what we deliver in the insurance business is somewhat commoditized. You have to offer things, in addition to paying claims and providing access to doctors and hospitals that members want, so that they remain with you when they have the opportunity to evaluate options in open enrollment periods. Research helps us immensely in identifying those unmet needs or identifying how well we can meet their needs that go beyond the basics of health insurance.
Carriers have to move toward having one-on-one relationships between themselves and the individuals that they cover. In the past, carriers have had more of a relationship with a group that covers hundreds or thousands of people at a time, so the model is narrowing to an individual-level, much like auto insurance. You don’t really have employer-sponsored auto insurance. Every one of those carriers is dealing with each individual person one at a time, and that’s what the future of health insurance appears to be moving rapidly toward. The employer model is still the foundation for most U.S. health care, but if the health insurance exchanges continue to be successful and maintain competition and lower premiums—depending on who’s elected—it could continue to become more of an accepted way for Americans to obtain health insurance.
AM: Let’s shift gears a little bit. Let’s talk about the market share analysis work we’ve done with you over the past couple of years. Can you talk a little bit about this work, and why it’s so important now?
JV: The rapid change in market share, year over year, is something we need to assess as quickly as possible, and the secondary sources we rely on to give us our definitive market share take several months to report. So, when we want to know in January what the market share shift has been, waiting for our secondary sources until July is simply too long. We partner with CMB so we can get a very quick, but accurate, assessment of how much the share has changed. The change in market share used to move at a glacial pace, but now it changes several percentage points for some carriers in a single year. We need to know about those changes as quickly as possible. We also use that study to assess perceptions and opinions of brands as well as what’s important to decision-makers, which helps us do some strategic planning for marketing purposes.
AM: You’ve already touched on this a little bit, but how does this work play into your larger insights strategy?
JV: It helps us position ourselves and try to identify which areas of the geography we’re in that we could potentially focus on more. We get a more robust view of that at the county level from our secondary source in July. If we were to find opportunities or weaknesses in that share data—such as gaining or losing to a particular carrier in a particular region—we could react to that. It also helps us understand where the national competitors have gained traction—which ones are winning out and where. We need to be able to respond and understand who our competitors are as quickly as possible.
AM: As you think about the next challenges for your organization, tell us what you look for in an insights partner.
JV: Several things:
- Experience with our industry is helpful if not essential. Health insurance is a very complicated industry. I think it’s very difficult to partner with a research vendor that has no familiarity with the business. Even the terminology is difficult, so it would be hard to have to explain things about the industry over and over again.
- A partner that does independent preparation and doesn’t rely exclusively on us to provide everything because they’ve done their homework.
- Good problem-solving skills. Marketing and market research is basically just problem solving, and that manifests itself in even trying to design a research study. We need a partner that’s constantly asking: what’s the best way to do this?
- Creative sample design. We sometimes have difficulty reaching certain audiences because we’re limited by our geographic footprint in western PA. So, finding a partner that can suggest alternatives for reliable ways of getting the same level of information is a huge component of what we need in a partner.
- Visual interpretation of data is another one. That’s an art and a science, and partners who know how to show you information in a visual way are extremely helpful because that’s usually how it gets delivered to senior management, which is much easier to access than large, detailed crosstabs.
These are all things we have working with you, and of course, we’ve had many years working together, so you know us very well and that familiarity is very helpful.